Insulation Types?

İçerik 05.02.2015
yaltım türleriIn accordance with the intended purpose of a building, issues such as providing service to its users and maintaining its value for a long time depend solely on protecting well against internal and external negative effects. Insulation aims to protect against the aforementioned internal and external factors and creating healthy, comfortable and energy efficient environments. Insulation includes precautions for protecting both the building and users. The purpose of the insulation is to extend the life of buildings, reduce the maintenance costs and create healthy, peaceful, reliable and comfortable environments. The main effects can be listed as follows:

  • Sun
  • Snow
  • Wind
  • Rain
  • Humidity
  • Water (Groundwater, atmospheric water etc.)
  • Climate conditions
  • Noise
  • Fire
  • Vibration

Insulation is discussed under four main titles in order to protect against these factors which may negatively change levels of comfort and damage both the building and the user directly or indirectly. These four titles are as follows:

  • Thermal insulation
  • Water insulation
  • Sound insulation
  • Fire insulation

Insulation is applied within a period starting from the selection of the land on which the building is constructed and including steps such as design, construction and utilization of the building. External effects that the building may face, vary depending on the location of the land on which it is built, its function and the demands and expectations of the users. Insulation requirements of the buildings are determined according to these factors. For example, in terms of a building which will be constructed on land close to a highway, sound insulation gains importance. In terms of a region which receives heavy precipitation or has pressurized groundwater, special insulation applications should be considered to protect the building against both water and humidity. Similarly, for buildings in which combustible materials are stored, structural precautions should be considered against fire.